The set of measures envisaged by the Decree is designed to raise to a qualitatively new level the work on preserving and studying the rich written heritage, its wide propaganda for the education of the younger generation in the spirit of patriotism, deep respect for our rich history, and to strengthen the international authority of Uzbekistan as a country that has rendered A great influence on the development of world science and culture.
According to the Decree the Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhon Beruniy of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan is defined as the leading scientific research institution of the Republic for the preservation, study, research on the scientific basis and propagation of ancient manuscripts and other written sources of historical and cultural significance, which fixes the status of one of the leading world oriental centers.
As emphasized in the official commentary to the Decree, Uzbekistan has for centuries accumulated the richest manuscript heritage among the countries of Central Asia, most of which is concentrated in the Manuscript Fund of the Institute of Oriental Studies named after Abu Rayhon Beruniy of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. This fund is one of the largest repositories of Oriental manuscripts of world importance and is an invaluable asset. In 2000, the institute's fund was listed in the UNESCO Memory of the World as one of the unique scientific and cultural sites. The collection of manuscripts of the Institute, consisting of six collections, includes more than 26,000 volumes of manuscripts, over 39,000 volumes of lithographed books, and about 10,000 historical documents in Arabic, Persian, Old Uzbek and other Oriental languages.
Not only research work is carried out at the institute, but a wide range of measures for preserving, restoring, replenishing the collections of unique manuscripts, as well as creating the necessary conditions for domestic and foreign researchers to work with primary sources is carried out.
The decree provides for a number of measures designed to improve the scientific and organizational activities of the Institute. In particular, the main tasks and priority directions of the institute activity are determined on the basis of modern requirements. One of them is the preservation and replenishment of the institute's funds through the acquisition of manuscripts and other literary monuments kept by the population. For this purpose, it is envisaged to create an expert group and a commission to collect, evaluate and acquire literary monuments.
A separate emphasis was placed on expanding and deepening the research of the scientific works of scientists and thinkers who lived and worked in Central Asia in the Middle Ages, in precise, natural, humanitarian and Islamic sciences, as well as the introduction of these scientific works into the educational process and the inclusion them into scientific usage in the form of editions of original texts and scientifically-commented translations.
At the same time, special attention is paid to the training of young personnel capable of working with handwritten sources, in conjunction with specialized higher education institutions.
Specific tasks have been determined to expand scientific research, study history, development stages and contemporary political, economic and cultural processes of the countries of the Far East in the context of their bilateral and multilateral relations with Uzbekistan.
Taking into account the ever-increasing role of careful preservation and restoration of manuscripts all over the world, the envisaged strengthening of the material and technical base of the photo and the restoration laboratories of the Institute is of particular importance. Successful implementation of the envisaged measures will ensure the prolongation of the life of manuscripts and turn these laboratories into the leading exemplary site for the restoration of all available collections of rare manuscripts of Uzbekistan. In addition, taking into account the unique complexities and aspects of working with ancient written sources, the need for high scientific knowledge and skills for this work is determined by the measures of financial encouragement for the institute's employees engaged in the restoration and preservation of ancient manuscripts.
Another important issue that found its solution was the creation of the Museum of Oriental Manuscripts in the Institute in order to exhibit and promote a rich and diverse written heritage. In this museum, the brightest samples from all collections of the Manuscript Fund of the Institute will be presented.